When it comes to when and how to grow strawberries, Ian Weiland is your go-to expert.
As both a passionate home gardener and experienced writer, Ian has spent years perfecting the art of optimal strawberry-growing conditions. So, if you’re wondering “when to grow strawberries?” look no further than Ian’s article for all the tips you need!
Keep reading this blog, which will get you started on growing sumptuous strawberries today!
- Strawberries are the only fruit with seeds on the outside, not inside.
- The average strawberry has 200 seeds, but some have as many as 400.
- Strawberries are the only fruit that can be sliced, diced, and then returned to their original shape without falling apart!
- They are rich in vitamins A and C, magnesium, folate, dietary fiber, and antioxidants (anthocyanins in particular).
- The strawberry season runs from May until October, making fresh local picks widely available during those months
- Strawberries begin to ripen 3 days after being picked, so it is best to consume them as soon as possible once they are harvested from the farm.
- Strawberries are an excellent source of vitamin C and provide more vitamin C than oranges!
Why do You should Growing Strawberries?
Grow strawberries are an excellent way to enjoy fresh, delicious berries all summer long. Here are some of the reasons why you should consider growing your own strawberries:
- Strawberries are an excellent source of vital nutrients: vitamin C, fiber, folate, potassium, vitamin K, and magnesium. One cup of these juicy red treats meets your daily Vitamin C quota and offers a host of other health benefits.
- Growing your own berries not only ensures that you know exactly what’s gone into them but also saves money over buying store-bought fruits. Rather than paying for expensive fruits grown in hothouses abroad, you can enjoy fresh homegrown fruit year-round!
- Are strawberries easy to grow? Yes, of course!
This is incredibly easy, as they require minimal effort to grow from one season to the next and can even be grown in containers if necessary.
- Growing your own fruit can be an adventure! Taste the many flavors of different hybrids, or fertilize with nitrogen to boost flavor. With multiple plants, you can even maximize production!
Choose the Right Variety of Strawberry Plant
Home gardeners can choose from five types of strawberries:
- June-bearing strawberries:
June-bearing strawberries are the most common type of strawberry and the variety that is usually found in grocery stores. These strawberries produce a single crop of delicious fruit each year, ripening from late May to early July, depending on your climate.
- Everbearing strawberries:
Everbearing strawberries give you double the joy of fresh berries—one crop in late spring and another in autumn. With this, homeowners can enjoy delicious homegrown strawberries for a longer period of time!
- Day-neutral strawberry:
Day-neutral strawberries bear two harvests of sweet fruit over a long period, from spring to fall. Unlike everbearing varieties, they don’t have a specific picking time.
- Alpine strawberry (or wild strawberry):
Alpine strawberries are an ideal choice for those looking for flavor, bursting with tartness and aroma. Hailing from early summer to fall, they offer an aromatic tartness perfect for creating jams or preserves. Enjoy the delightful flavor of Alpine strawberries all season long!
- Charentais strawberry:
Charentais strawberries are a new twist on the traditional June-bearing cultivar.
Charentais strawberries boast a sweet flavor and deep ruby red color when ripe. Plus, they have a shorter cultivation cycle, so you’ll get your crop faster than other types. And when harvest time comes around, you can enjoy an extended period of picking due to the way these berries ripen over many days instead of all at once.
Life Cycle of Strawberries
The Ideal Soil for Strawberries
How to grow strawberries at home For the best results, you’ll want to make sure you have good-quality soil to cultivate your plants in. The ideal soil for strawberries should:
- Be loamy and slightly acidic, with a pH between 5.5 and 6.5. Loamy soil holds enough moisture and nutrients while also allowing for proper drainage.
- Planting strawberries in enriched, loamy soil is the ideal choice. Add aged manure or compost a few months before planting. Mix 4 inches or more of compost into clay soil and rake it into mounds to improve drainage. For sandy soil, cultivate lightly and add a 1-inch layer of rotted manure or compost for better growth and yield.
- Contain adequate amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, and calcium for optimal nutrition. These are essential for photosynthesis and healthy fruit production.
- Be well-aerated to allow roots to spread out easily and receive enough oxygen from the air aboveground. Thus, they can breathe properly during their development process.
- Have enough drainage, as overly wet soil can lead to root rot or other diseases that can affect the health of your strawberry
When to Grow strawberries?
There are several factors to consider when growing strawberries. Generally, strawberries can begin to be planted in the winter in temperate climates such as the United States and Canada.
The ideal time for planting is usually late December through mid-February, depending on your region and climate.
When to grow strawberries should be in early spring once the weather has warmed to a consistent temperature. Strawberry plants need 6–8 hours of sunlight and plenty of water to thrive. Before planting, make sure the conditions are suitable for a successful harvest. You may even be wondering, “How long do strawberries take to grow?” The good news is that with a little care, they’ll typically take between two and three months before they’re ready to be harvested.
How Do Grow Strawberries in the Garden?
Select a Location for Planting your Strawberries
Want to grow strawberries at home? Your deck or backyard is the perfect place to start! Container or bed-grown strawberries make a delicious, easy-to-grow addition to any garden.
Just make sure you ask yourself “Can strawberries grow in shade?” before planting so that your plants get adequate light for optimal growth.
For delicious strawberries, your soil should be deep (at least 12 inches), weeded, rich, and slightly acidic. Make sure your plants get plenty of sunshine too!
Plant strawberries 18″ apart to allow room for runners, and leave 4′ between rows. These plants have sprawling tendencies, creating more runners from each seedling.
How to Grow Strawberries in Pots/Containers?
Strawberries in containers make for an ideal grazing spot and easy sun exposure.
Get creative with materials, from ceramic to terracotta to plastic—anything with drainage will do! To keep up with the faster soil-drying rate, water more often.
Opt for day-neutral or everbearing varieties if you’re looking beyond just spring fruit. Skip the flower pinching – immediate results here!
Note: It’s best to move container plants indoors during cold spells. Mulch and overwinter strawberries in the ground and return them to the containers come springtime.
How do you grow strawberries in Garden Beds?
Dig a hole large enough to spread out the roots. Create a mound of soil at the bottom, even with the existing soil level. Place plant on the mound and spread roots out downsides.
Fill in the hole, ensuring the crown is even with the middle of the soil top.
Planting too shallow can dry out roots before they establish, while planting too deep may damage strawberry growth. Firmly press soil around roots and water thoroughly after planting. See below for crown placement.
Mulch strawberries well
For healthy plants, spread straw bales around each one for optimal airflow and moisture retention. This will also keep weeds from stealing nutrients from your garden. Take care not to cover any stems, though!
Correctly water and fertilize strawberries
Strawberries need ample water to thrive—about an inch per square foot per week. Fertilize them with all-purpose granules to promote growth, and the berries will ripen 30 days after the blossoms are fertilized. In the first year, pick off blossoms to give plants time to form strong roots; this will result in higher yields the next year.
Don’t forget to ask yourself how long does it take to grow strawberries indoors? As long as you’re providing enough water and nutrition, you can look forward to seeing some delicious fruits in no time!
Harvesting Strawberries at the Right Time
- Follow this guide on how to grow strawberries in the garden and enjoy your own home-grown berries whenever you like!Use a strawberry rake or hoe to gently harvest strawberries from the plant without damaging them. Bring a large bowl or basket to collect your harvest.
- Identify ripe strawberries: Check each berry diligently to make sure it is dark red and plump before picking it.
- Gently pull away the stem attached to each berry. The stem should come off with minimal effort, but if it doesn’t come off easily, it likely isn’t ripe yet.
- Place your freshly picked strawberries in a shallow tray lined with cloth, so they remain unscathed while you pick the rest.
- Fruit can be harvested 4-6 weeks after blooming. For June-bearer strawberries, up to 3 weeks of harvesting are possible, with a bounty of berries depending on the cultivar.
How to Renovate Strawberries?
- Assess the condition of or remove any dead plants.
- Gently rake away mulch and weed seedlings between crowns.
- Prepare a soil mix for planting: loam, peat moss, sand, fertilizer, and composted manure.
- Dig holes between existing plants and transplant new runners (4-6″ apart).
- Provide support to climbing varieties by constructing trellises with posts embedded 2 feet deep in soil.
- Water after planting and every 2 weeks during the growing season until the desired fruits reach maturity or turn red.
- Fertilize the resulting crop every 2–3 weeks with compost tea or fish emulsion to replenish lost nutrients during the growing season ahead.
How To Store Freshly Picked Strawberries?
- Store strawberries in the fridge for 3–5 days unwashed and freeze them whole for up to 2 months!
- Do not wash the berries until you are ready to eat them or use them in recipes, as washing them can speed up spoilage.
- Line the bottom of the container with paper towels to absorb any extra moisture and prevent any water from pooling up on top of the strawberries and causing spoilage.
FAQs: How do you grow strawberries successfully at home? When to Grow strawberries?
How to grow strawberries inside the home?
Give your plants the sun they need by rotating them weekly. Avoid watering in the evening and instead, use warm water early in the day. Use an organic fertilizer guided by your nursery to fertilize your plants according to their varietal needs.
How to cultivate strawberries from the fruit?
For a successful strawberry plant, thinly slice the berry, dry it, and cover it lightly in your desired growing spot before winter. This way your berry will have time to sprout!
How to plant strawberry runners?
Secure a 6-inch galvanized wire in a U-shape and push it into the soil of your pot to firmly hold the runner.
How long do strawberries take to grow?
60 to 90 days
We have provided comprehensive guidance on how to grow strawberries.
So if you’re ready to start growing your own delicious strawberries, head over to Theanacostiawaterfront.com for all your strawberry-growing needs!